Intelligence can be defined as your mental capacity for reasoning, planning, abstract thinking, and problem-solving. Historically, the term "Intelligence" is associated with IQ. In recent years, the concept of IQ is challenged, and new perspectives regarding intelligence have emerged. Howard Gardner, the author of "Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences", is one of the pioneers in this field. In his book, he suggested different types of intelligence discussed here.
1- Visual-spatial intelligence
Understanding mental images, visualization, map reading, pattern recognition, spatial reasoning, graphic and artistic skills, and active imagination are a few key features of this intelligence type. Leonardo Da Vinci and Picasso, with enthusiasm in visual arts, architecture, and painting, were gifted with this intelligence.
2- Verbal-linguistic intelligence
Understanding and use of written and spoken language, and the ability to express yourself are a few key features of this intelligence type. William Shakespeare, Mark Twain, and Omar Khayyam are a few examples of famous people with this intelligence type.
3- Logical-mathematical intelligence
The ability to measure, calculate, make logical connections, solve mathematical questions, and problem-solve are a few key features of this intelligence type. Isaac Newton, Nikola Tesla, and Albert Einstein were gifted with this intelligence.
4- Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
The ability to use the body to express yourself through dancing and sports are a few key features of this intelligence. Michael Jackson and Babe Ruth are a few examples of famous people with this intelligence type.
5- Musical intelligence
The ability to perform and understand musical patterns such as tone of voice and rhythm is called musical intelligence. Ludwig Van Beethoven, Wolfgang Mozart, and Johann Bach are a few examples of famous people with this intelligence.
6- Intrapersonal intelligence
The ability to look inward to understand your own feelings, emotions, and intentions is called intrapersonal intelligence. People gifted with this intelligence are usually introverted, intuitive, self-aware, and philosophical. Aristotle, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Sigmund Freud are a few examples of famous people with this intelligence.
7- Interpersonal intelligence
The ability to look outward to understand the emotions, motivations, and intentions of others is called interpersonal intelligence. Putting yourself in other people's shoes, empathy, establishing a relationship with others, and resolving conflicts are a few key features of people with this intelligence type. Mother Theresa and Mahatma Gandhi are a few examples of famous people with this intelligence.
8- Naturalistic intelligence
The ability to connect with nature and explore it is called naturalistic intelligence. Individuals gifted with this intelligence are interested in biology, chemistry, archeology, and geology. Charles Darwin and Gregor Mandel are a few examples of people with this intelligence type.
9- Existential intelligence
The ability to think about the meaning of life, philosophy, and human destiny is called existential intelligence. Most of the philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, and Bertrand Russell belonged to this intelligence group.